The People's Warrior

Authors: Gary W. Babb & A.D. Ellis
Our Price: $24.99 USD
ISBN-10: 1-77115-201-X
ISBN-13: 978-1-77115-201-3
Genre: Biography
Format: Trade Paperback (6x9)
Published: January 2015

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At the printing of The People’s Warrior news has broken that the current Second Chief of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, Roger Barnett, has pleaded guilty in Federal Court to the embezzlement of tribal funds. He now awaits sentencing, which could be 5 years in jail and a fine of $250,000 plus restitution of the $211,000 in embezzled tribal funds. Rumor has it that A.D. Ellis will run for the vacated Second Chief's position.

This action validates claims presented within The People’s Warrior of mass corruption within the Muscogee (Creek) Nation and suggests potential future Federal action within the tribe.

Due to these continuing activities Bear Spirit Press will be offering an addendum to The People’s Warrior sometime in the future.

- Bear Spirit Press, October 20th, 2014


A. D. Ellis, Principal Chief of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, and Gary W. Babb have collaborated on The People’s Warrior, documenting his twenty years of elected public service as a National Council Representative, Second Chief, and Principal Chief of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation. This book is part biographical, part memoirs, and part documentation of internal confrontations focusing primarily on the Chief’s controversial two terms (8 years) as Principal Chief. 

With the influence of increasing, massive tribal wealth generated from gaming revenues of nine casinos, came greed and corruption. Through the Chief’s Herculean efforts to control and clean up corruption within a large, sovereign Indian nation, his terms as Principal Chief were plagued with never ending conflict and litigation in the Tribal and Supreme Courts of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, challenging his authority to govern at every opportunity. Chief Ellis prevailed in all of these hard fought battles, but the details of “behind the scene activities” and subsequent battles were unfortunately never revealed until now. The People’s Warrior, which documents many of the battles fought by Chief Ellis on behalf of the Creek people, finally reveals these details. This documentation is presented through the Chief’s memoirs, Muskogee Nation News articles, Executive Orders, summarized court testimony, and rulings from the many court challenges. 

The People’s Warrior reveals for the first time the politics behind a wealthy North American Indian nation.



Forward by Judge Patrick Moore
(Muscogee (Creek) Nation District Court Judge
for 26 years)


I first became acquainted with A. D. Ellis when he was elected to a term as National Council member, Okmulgee District, Muscogee (Creek) Nation.

My father Thomas Ephraim Moore, while employed by the Bureau of Indian Affairs during the 1930's, transported A. D. Ellis’s mother to the Indian Hospital for A.D. Ellis’s birth.

I have personally observed his actions as an elected officer for the Muscogee (Creek) Nation since his first election and observed him as he dealt with the trials and tribulations of elected office in the government of a federally recognized Indian Tribe.

He became involved in Tribal politics without the benefit of prior elected service and  found out immediately there does not exist any other body politic quite like  an Indian tribe.

Unique to Indian Tribes in the United States, there are outside influences of great political import, there are specific and special laws that apply only to Indian Tribes enacted by the United States Congress, in addition The United States Constitution  contains specific language that concerns only Indian Tribes, plus  The United States Supreme Court has issued hundreds of opinions that apply to Indian Tribes and then to further complicate matters there is a Code of Federal Regulations Number 25 in which the federal bureaucracy promulgated  over 900 fine print pages dictating how  tribal relations must be accomplished.

Unique to Oklahoma’s Muscogee (Creek) Nation and the other Oklahoma federally recognized Five Civilized Tribes is federal law placing Oklahoma State Courts in control of Restricted Indian land transactions, Oil and Gas Leases, Will approvals, certain guardian and probate matters.
Now with the advent of Indian Gaming in Oklahoma, tobacco sales by Indian Tribes and extensive business activity, Indian Tribes must  pay careful attention  to some Oklahoma state laws, regulations, and in some cases Oklahoma town and municipal ordinances.

This Memoir by A.D. Ellis is of extreme importance since these writings provide the reader with an  extremely valuable personal insight into the actual happenings experienced by and to a person in a position of leadership with a federally recognized Indian Tribe.

This book is the recollection of events A.D. Ellis personally participated in during his twenty years of public service to the Muscogee (Creek) Nation.

-Patrick E. Moore
Okmulgee, Muscogee (Creek) Nation

. B.B.A., University of Oklahoma: J.D. Oklahoma City University; LL.M, University of Tulsa; Moore Law Firm, Okmulgee, Oklahoma; Adjunct Professor, University of Tulsa College of Law.


Commentary by Contributor
Dr. Dannette McIntosh, AASECT

I served as a Cabinet member under A.D. Ellis as Deputy Director of Division of Community Services in his second term. As a Muscogee Nation citizen, I grew up in the tribe with family who served as a Chief and as National Council members of the Creek Nation over many years.  Although I had worked at the tribe under a previous administration, it was a wonderful opportunity to work with Chief Ellis. Under his guidance new projects were completed and services added.  Serving as a cabinet member, I oversaw The Community Services department, which had oversight of the communities.  This provided a front row seat to community activity as well as the workings of the National Council.

Throughout Creek history, I’m sure that all leaders have had tough decisions to make.  And, it was no different for Chief Ellis, as he had serious community issues and the adversaries he faced were many.  However, his honesty, integrity, belief in tribal and federal law and working in the best interest of all Creek citizens was his strength. The battles were many, but he won legally every time.  

This book provides an insight into the inner workings of a tribe at a time that important decisions had to be made to benefit and protect tribal citizens as well as the nation as a whole financially.  It also provides a unique look into a Chief that was working toward the good of the whole Creek Nation, while trying to ensure the integrity of the tribe and ensure that all federal, tribal and state mandates/laws were met. 

As Deputy Director of the Division of Community Services,  I worked closely with Chief Ellis and I had the unique perspective of seeing the internal workings of the communities as well as gaining a better understanding of the rules and laws that govern gaming and the ramifications for the tribe if the laws weren’t followed.   Chief Ellis always had the best interest of the entire nation in mind.  He fought for every Creek citizen in order to uphold the law and to ensure the financial security of the nation for our future generations. This was not an easy task as the battles were many and tough.  However, he did it with integrity and his accomplishments were remarkable, considering the interference and battles being waged against him.   He is one of the most honest men I’ve known in tribal politics and I’m proud to have been a part of his cabinet.  He fought for all Muscogee (Creek) Citizens and in the best interest of Muscogee (Creek) Nation.  Mvto.

Dr. Dannette McIntosh, AASECT
Past Deputy Director, Division of Community Services

M.S, University of Oklahoma, 2000;  Ed.D., Oklahoma State University, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 2005; served as Adjunct Professor for Bacone Indian College for five years teaching in American Indian Studies; AASECT certified for 15 years


About the Authors

A.D. Ellis

A.D. Ellis was elected as the Principal Chief of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation to a second four-year term on November 3, 2007.  He served as Second Chief from January 2000 to December 31, 2004. Prior to that, he served four consecutive two-year terms as a National Council Representative from the Okmulgee District.  

In August 2007, he was appointed to serve a three-year term on the Oklahoma Indian Affairs Commission by Governor Brad Henry. Another special recognition he received was a personal invitation from President George W. Bush, to visit the White House, for a second time.

Chief Ellis was born in Pawnee, Oklahoma to Doolie Ellis and Nellie Bruner Ellis of Concharty, Twin Hills Community. He graduated from Twin Hills in 1953, attended Tulsa Business College, later enlisted in the United States Air Force and then the Oklahoma National Guard. He retired from the International Teamsters Union in 1989 with thirty-five (35) years of service.

He married the former Gail Billings of Morris, Oklahoma. He and his family reside at this lifelong home on his mother's original allotment on Bixby Road. He and Gail have five (5) daughters and five (5) sons residing throughout the United States.

The Principal Chief Ellis is of the Turtle Clan, his tribal town is Locvpoka, and his church is Concharty Indian Methodist Church.


Gary W. Babb

Gary W. Babb is originally from Oklahoma, but work has taken him to South Florida, to South Texas, and finally to Southern California where he spent the last 25 years. He served in the Navy and traveled the world. His education includes, Amarillo College, DeVry Institute of Technology, National Cable Television Institute and Western Oklahoma State College.

As a business executive, his previous writing experience has been directed toward letters, memos, proposals, and reports, however, he has always enjoyed the magic that can be spun with words to sell, convince, or inform those targeted. Earth is Ours was his first effort toward spinning a tale of entertainment. This first literary effort won him "Best Science Fiction/Fantasy 2005" from the prestigious San Diego Book Awards. The saga continued with the sequel, Target Earth, which made the three "Finalist" list in the same awards in 2006. The third of the Earth Series and finale of the series, Earth's Dragons, was published in 2012. He has also began a new series with his latest book, Genesis Log, published in late 2013.

Mr. Babb is now semi-retired and has returned to Oklahoma, where he resides in Muskogee, Oklahoma (Green Country). Being an "Okie" again has been good for his writing, and his writing credits now include five published works, another non-fiction book currently pending publication and a young adult fantasy, Dark Angeles of Zeus, in the final stages of completion.